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Journal of Economic Theory and Econometrics
JETEM/계량경제학보/計量經濟學報/JKES
Journal of the Korean Econometric Society

On the Micro-Level Irrelevance of Habit Formation in Complete Markets

Vol.30, No.2, June , 1–19



  •   (School of Business Administration, Ajou University)

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Abstract  

This paper characterizes conditions for external habit formation to render habit-driven equilibrium outcomes observationally equivalent to habit-free equilibrium outcomes in multi-agent complete markets. The uniformity of the ratios of habit levels to aggregate consumptions across consumption goods leads to the irrelevance of habit formation to excess demand and asset prices. Thus, external habit formation may have no tangible effect on excess demand and the equity premium if the cross-sectional habitual variations are not substantial. The micro-level analysis of habit formation produces useful information about the habitual effect on the individual welfare and the existence of competitive equilibrium which cannot be addressed in a representative agent framework.


Keywords
   External habit, observational irrelevance, competitive equilibrium, complete markets, relative risk aversion

JEL classification codes
   G12, D53, D51, D15
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