Journal of Economic Theory and Econometrics: Journal of the Korean Econometric Society

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Journal of Economic Theory and Econometrics
Journal of the Korean Econometric Society

Analysis on Relationship Between Export and Productivity of Manufacturing Industry: Using Plant Level Data

Vol.32, No.3, September , 103–134

English Version |  Korean Version
  •   (Korea Enterprises Federation)

  •   (Sogang University)

  •   (Bank of Korea)


The Korean economy experienced a slowdown in both productivity growth and exports in the 2010s. Here we analyze the relationship between changes in exports and in the growth of total factor productivity (TFP). Our empirical analysis of data from the Mine and Manufacturing Survey (2000 ∼ 2017) shows that there is a positive relationship between exports and productivity. We find that the positive relationship was stronger during periods in which exports decreased. We find that while the decrease in exports may have slowed or reduced the growth in productivity, the increase in exports did not necessarily increase productivity since 2000. We focus on the irreversibility of inputs as a possible explanation of the asymmetric relationship between exports and productivity growth. Our results show that in the input-inelastic sectors in which inputs are not flexibly adjusted, productivity declined further as export growth decreased.

   Export, Total Factor Productivity, Irreversibility

JEL classification codes
   E24, D24, F16

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